Sale Leaseback

Green Mountain Technology

Why You Should Consider a Real Estate Sale-Leaseback

Many business owners also act as their own landlords. While owning your own real estate can provide a sense of comfort, business owners are frequently at an advantage monetizing the value of their real estate and redeploying that capital into higher return opportunities such as reinvesting in their business or paying down company debt. In addition, as a company grows and becomes more valuable, the monetization of real estate assets may make sense to “take some chips off the table” or separate the full value of the real estate from the value of the company.

Business owners in this situation should ask themselves whether owning their real estate is clearly strategic or if unlocking the value of the real estate could provide enhanced financial opportunities. If unlocking the value of the real estate is a better benefit, then one tool to convert the real estate into a revenue source while still retaining operational control is using a sale-leaseback structure.

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What is a Sale-Leaseback?

Sale-leasebacks have occurred across nearly every industry sector, increasing in popularity over the last three decades as a crucial solution for many middle market companies.

How Does a Sale-Leaseback Transaction Work?

In a sale-leaseback, a company sells the real estate it owns to a buyer while simultaneously signing a long-term lease to continue to use and occupy the property. Such buyers are often professionally managed real estate firms who act as stable and supportive landlords providing additional capital for upgrades or improvements. Such leases are frequently structured on a “triple net” basis so the business owner retains operational control over the property.

real estate sale leaseback

Benefits of a Sale-Leaseback

Knowing the opportunities in the marketplace, one may ask why a sale-leaseback might be a beneficial structure. For many middle-market firms, there are five major benefits of a sale-leaseback transaction:

  1. Unlocking the full value of your real estate:

    A sale-leaseback typically affords the seller nearly 100% of the appraised value of the real estate. Compared with a mortgage that typically nets 65-75% of the appraised value, the sale- leaseback allows for a much better net cash return to the business owner.

  2. Redeployment of capital from non-core to core business functions:

    A sale-leaseback allows you to convert a non-core asset (real estate) into capital to invest in the core and growth areas of your business. Considering business expansion? Growing a specific line of business? Investing in key revenue streams? These opportunities generally offer higher returns than ongoing ownership of real estate.

  3. Attractive rates compared to other alternative financing options:

    Growth financing can be very expensive for middle-market companies, with some mezzanine debt requiring 10-15% interest. In a sale-leaseback transaction, a rental payment at market rates may be less than a loan payment amount. What’s best, unlike loan payments, the rental payment is typically a fully deductible expense.

  4. Fair and customizable lease terms:

    In a sale-leaseback, the business owner and new landlord work together to achieve fair and reasonable lease terms. Both parties typically want the rental rates to be at or below market and the length of the lease, renewal options and other terms can be customized to meet operating needs. New landlords may also provide additional capital for improvements or additions as part of the new lease.

  5. Cleaning up the balance sheet:

    Growing a middle-market business requires capital and many business owners worry about over-leveraging their balance sheets. In a sale-leaseback, owners can gain liquidity from real estate assets and use these proceeds to clean up liabilities and reduce debt.

Examples of a Sale-Leaseback

As an example, consider the case of ABC Company, a mid-sized packaging and printing firm that owned a thirty-year-old, 100,000 sq. ft. facility that housed its headquarters and production activities. ABC was interested in starting a new line of business that would expand its product set but required $2,500,000 for building improvements and equipment acquisition. ABC’s owners considered taking on a mortgage, but at a valuation (based on a recent “as vacant” appraisal) of $25 per sq. ft., the proceeds of a 60% loan-to-value would only be $1,500,000. The owners also had concerns about increasing their debt on the balance sheet.

In search of alternative financing opportunities, the owners contacted a commercial real estate firm who specialized in sale-leaseback transactions. That firm was able to negotiate a 12-year lease at $3.00 per square foot (slightly below market) and an acquisition price based on a 7.5% cap rate. The proceeds of the sale-leaseback transaction were $4,000,000 ($300,000 divided by 7.5%) – enough to fund the needed improvements and equipment. In addition, the owners negotiated two five-year renewal options, feeling comfortable that the lease provided a stable and predictable arrangement for their operations for many years to come. The owners used the excess proceeds to pay down existing debt and reduce interest costs.

When to Consider a Sale-Leaseback

So, when is the right time for a sale-leaseback? The timing for each individual company will differ, but these four inflection points help determine one’s appetite for a sale-leaseback:

  1. Accessing new capital for growth
  2. Improving your company’s financial health and flexibility
  3. Packaging your business for a sale (the value of your business may be increased by selling the real estate and the core business separately)
  4. Recouping funds to pay down debt after a key acquisition

Creating a Win-Win for Buyer and Seller

The sale-leaseback transaction can be a very effective means for business owners to monetize real estate assets. Not only do sale-leasebacks provide sound solutions for mid-sized businesses, they also provide similar opportunities for:

  • Private equity firms wanting to dispose of real estate after final acquisition
  • Larger corporations interested in buying-back stock or creating value for shareholders
  • Entities considering using non-core assets to reinvest in their business